Due to economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria, a Nigerian military officer called Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu declared a republic of Biafra in the southeastern part of Nigeria in 1967. The southeastern part is made up of mostly the Igbos or Ibos. There are other minor tribes such as Annang, Efik, Ejagham, Eket, Ibeno, Ibibio, and the Ijaw. This declaration sparked a civil war between the so-called Biafra and the Nigerian military.
The civil war led to the death of over one million people. Many people died in the war front and others died due to hunger as there was lack of food during the war. Biafra forces surrendered after they were defeated by the Nigerian army. Biafra was then re-integrated into Nigeria. Recently a pro-Biafran leader, Nnamdi Kanu, was granted bail in Nigeria after being detained for treasonable felony charges.
An international humanitarian relief effort was organized in Nigeria during the war and they were saddled with the duty of transporting food and medicine to Biafra. This operation was known as “The Biafran Airlift” and it was said to be the largest humanitarian relief effort as Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa.